Escudo de Castilla y León

Pedigree collapse, we are all cousins

Pedigree collapse by years, world's populations and ancestors

We have 2 parents, 4 grandparents, 8 great grandparents, 16 great grandparents,... growing exponentially (2n), 32, 64, 128, ... Circa the year 850 we have more «theoretical» ancestors than inhabitants of the world. It follows that:

  • Many of our ancestors are repeated in our family tree.
  • Many historical figures (philosophers, scientists, writers, artists, kings, warriors, etc.) will appear in our family tree.
  • We share many ancestors with others, we are all cousins, we are a great family.

I have painted the following graphic to show this idea. Traveling to the past we see the number of our «theoretical» ancestors grows and the world's population decreases.

The graph is calculated with 2.46 generations per century, and with other rates although the graph changes but the previous conclusions remain. For example, with 4 generations per century, more real rate time ago when we had children at an earlier age, the curves intersect before. If it is done by continents and/or adding the lines without offspring, the high infant mortality and pests of past times,... the curves also cross before.

To this effect is called «pedigree collapse».


Category: Genealogy.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Cadenas y Vicent, V. de; 2002

Vicente de Cadenas y Vicent, Dean King of Arms, «Diccionario heráldico: Términos, Piezas y Figuras Usadas en la Ciencia del Blasón», Instituto Salazar Castro (C. S. I. C. Higher Center for Scientific Research), edited by Ediciones Hidalguía, 6a edición aumentada en el vocabulario heráldico, 338 pages, Madrid, 2002.


La 1a edición fue Premio Menestrier, 1954, del Instituto Internacional de Genealogía y Heráldica.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Author: Cadenas y Vicent, Vicente de.

External resource:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Menestrier, C. F.; 1659

Claude-François Menestrier, member of the Society of Jesus, «Le veritable art du blason et la pratique des Armoiries depuis leur Institution», «Auec Privilege du Roy»~avec le privilège du roi, 10 pages of introduction, 415 pages of content, 14 pages of indexes and 339 pages in total, Chez Benoît Coral, ruë Merciere à la Victoire, Lyon, 1659.


Bibliographical reference of century XVII.

Classification: French language.

The author is Menestrier, Claude-François.

Bibliographical reference mentioned in the following article:

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Raber, V.; 1548

Vigil Raber, 1548, pages from 10 to 15, it has 7244 coat of arms

Vigil Raber, «Armorial con 7244 escudos de armas», 903 pages of content, almost all color pages, 7244 coat of arms, 30 x 21 centimeters, at the Herzogin Anna Amalia Library, shelf code Fol 220, permanent identifier 1249054540, 1548.


Bibliographical reference of century XVI.

Classification: Armorial roll, Manuscript and German language.

The author is Raber, Vigil.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Salmerón Cabañas, A.; 2016a

Coat of arms and heraldic creation, April 2015 - December 2016

Antonio Salmerón Cabañas, «Coat of arms and heraldic creation between April 2015 and December 2016», paintings registered in the Intellectual Property Registry of Madrid, with 299 illustrations, 4 black and white and 295 colour, of coats of arms and other heraldic objects, 88 pages request code M-008058/2016, and registration number 16/2017/2707, Madrid, 15th of December of 2016.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

The author is Salmerón Cabañas, Antonio.

IntelectualP 26 Registro Propiedad Intelectual jpg

Registration and coats of arms of the 2nd page

IntelectualP 27 The Coat of arms of Pages 113 114 jpg

Coats of arms of the pages 3 and 4

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Vidriales García y Bustamante, Carlos

Interpreted coat of arms: with a semi-circular shape; illuminated with metals argent and or and colours sable and azure; outlined with sable; and a freehand finish.

Interpreted coat of arms: with a semi-circular shape; illuminated with metals argent and or and colours sable and azure; outlined with sable; and a freehand finish.


Blazon keywords: Party per pale, Argent, Cross, Sable, Bordure, Motto (motivation), Or, Thirteen, Hurt, Hurt, torteau, pellet, pomme and golpe, Azure, Three, In pale, Four, Five, Chief and Fleur de lis.

Style keywords: Freehand, Semi-circular, Illuminated and Outlined in sable.

Classification: Coat of arms, Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Vidriales García y Bustamante, Carlos.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

Carlos Vidriales, crest, cross and badge of commander

VidrialesC 25 Encomienda TrazoAlzado jpg

Blazon keywords: Party per pale, Argent, Cross, Sable, Bordure, Motto (motivation), Or, Thirteen, Hurt, Hurt, torteau, pellet, pomme and golpe, Azure, Three, In pale, Four, Five, Chief, Fleur de lis, Crest, Helm, Mantling, Dexter, Sinister, Wreath, One, Arm, Armed, Nascent, Grasping, Sword, Between, Two, Wing, Accolé, Decoration, Cross, Suspended and Base.

Style keywords: Freehand, Semi-circular, Illuminated and Outlined in sable.

Classification: Coat of arms, Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Vidriales García y Bustamante, Carlos.

Separador heráldico

Sigue por: Carlos Vidriales, certification, cover and page 6.

 

Dr. Antonio Salmerón y Cabañas,
,
Paseo de la Castellana 135, 7th floor,
28046 Madrid, Spain.