Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Anonymous; 1800a

Anonymous, «Armerías de España», 124 double pages, title in the 9 page, provenance Duke of Osuna and Infantado, 1800.

The book has no index and its content, written by hand, is as follows:

Surnames Rondinos, Roxas, Rozas, Ruas, Ruanes, Rubios, Ruedas
  • Pages 1 through 8 are blank.
  • On page 9, title, letter A and surnames Abarca, Abendaño, Abeo, Ablitas and Abrego in large handwritten and the blazon in small handwritten (except for the end of the book on page 123, the unknown author seems to write more about surnames than about lineages).
  • On page 10, the surnames and their blazon both in small handwritten.
  • On page 23 the letter B and its surnames.
  • On page 30 begins the letter C, it is followed by the letter Z on page 42, 29 surnames with Z was written before the letter D and Cocas and Cuacas, with the letter C, are inserted inside the letter Z.
  • From page 46 with letter D to page 97 with the letter S, including in the S the surname Sánchez on page 99, as a lineage will be included at the end of the book.
  • On page 105 the letter T, surname Tabixas, Taboadas, Tafuxes, ...
  • On page 109 jump from the letter T to the letter V, with the surnames Vacas, Vadillos,... and skipping the letter U.
  • On page 119, it returns from letter V to U, in an unordered manner and without including the capital letter U.
  • On page 120, the letter X and the letter Y.
  • On page 122, the letter Z and only 3 additional surnames with Z.
  • On page 123 he returns to the surname Sánchez by testimony of Pedro de Soto owner of the books of Armory of Spain of Andreas Heredia, King of Arms, and finally the unknown author copies the text for the surname Sánchez, those who were «hijosdalgos, en Cangas de Gobadonga» of Asturias and ends with a poem of 8 verses.
  • Beginning on page 124 are blank.

Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Classification: Manuscript, Armorial roll and Castilian language.

Author: unknown.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Wade, W. C.; 1898

William Cecil Wade, «The symbolisms of heraldry or A treatise on the meanings and derivations of armorial bearings», 186 pages, 95 black and white pictures, Robert Holmes Collection, published by George Redway, London, 1898.

Although Romanticism sought the symbolism of the heraldic elements, I believe that the meaning of the elements of the coat of arms, if they have it, is provided by its creator or first bearer. In any case, the content of this symbolic book is the following:

William Cecil Wade, 1898, cover and pages 78-79 y 61
  • The origin of armorial bearings; page 11.
  • The symbolic side of heraldry; page 13.
  • Heraldic colours and metals; page 35.
  • The furs of heraldry; page 38.
  • The meaning of heraldic lines; page 40.
  • The symbolisms of the ordinaries; page 43.
  • The division lines of the shield; page 55.
  • The colours of the common charges not symbolical, chapter with 2 paragraphs only; page 57.
  • Symbolisms of the common charges; page 59.
  • Crowns, mitres, episcopal hats, etc.; page 138.
  • Examples of symbolisms of colours and armorial bearings; page 149.
  • Cadency and differencing; page 154.
  • Alphabetic index; page 162.

Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Classification: Symbolism and English language.

Author: Wade, William Cecil.

Bibliographical reference mentioned in the following article:

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Áncora de oro y la divisa enlace.

Heraldica Nova

The collaborative blog Heraldica Nova is an initiative of the Dilthey-Project «The Performance of Coats of Arms» of the University of Münster which aims to study medieval and early modern heraldry from the perspective of cultural history.

It was founded in 2013 by Torsten Hiltmann and it has been funded by the Volkswagen Foundation and Fritz Thyssen Foundation’s initiative «Focus on the Humanities».

We need your input: How did you learn to blazon? by Julia Ziegler
How did you learn to blazon? my contribution to this question

Categories: Link and Heraldry and heralds.

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Domínguez García, J.; 2008

Javier Domínguez García, «Memorias del futuro: ideología y ficción en el símbolo de Santiago Apóstol», edited by Iberoamericana y Vervuert, 144 pages, ISBN Iberoamericana 978-84-8489-373-8 e ISBN Vervuert 978-3-86527-397-0, Madrid and Frankfurt am Main, 2008.

Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Sánchez Albornoz, C.; 1965

Claudio Sánchez Albornoz, «La auténtica batalla de Clavijo», Cuadernos de Historia de España, number 9, Buenos Aires, 1948.

Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Husenbeth, F. C.; 1882

Frederick Charles Husenbeth, «Emblems of saints: by which they are distinguished in works of art», with 2 appendices «On the treatment of the Sibyls in art» by William Marsh and «On sacred heraldry» by Edward Lushington Blackburne, 3th edition edited by Augustus Jessopp, printed by A. H. Goose and Co. for the Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society, Norwich, 1882.

Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León

William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby

Vairy or and gules.

William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby ~ Cunte de Ferrers.

Vairy or and gules.

Escudo verado de oro y gules.

Interpreted coat of arms, the shape of the shield is triangular and curved plain tinctures metal Or and colour Gules, outlined in sable; and a free hand finishing.

Included in [Vincent, MS; 1285; number 17] also known as [St. George's Roll; 1285; number 17].

Blazon keywords: Without divisions, Vairy, Or and Gules.

Style keywords: Triangular curved, Spot ink, Outlined in sable and Freehand.

Classification: Interpreted and Personal.

Bearer: Guillermo de Ferrers.

Separador heráldico

Sigue por: John de Beauchamp.


Dr. Antonio Salmerón y Cabañas,
Paseo de la Castellana 135, planta 7a,
28046 Madrid, España.