Bibliographic references

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Académie internationale d'héraldique; 1952

Pommelly, fusils, ermine spots, wreathed, cramponned, calvary

Académie internationale d'héraldique, AIH, «Vocabulaire-Atlas Héraldique en six Langues: Francais - English - Deutsch - Español - Italiano - Nederlandsch», by Gaston Stalins, Le Baron Stalins, with the collaboration of René Le Juge De Segrais, Ottfried Neubecker, Martin de Riquer y Morera, Giacomo Carlo Bascapé, and Mario Gorino-Causa, 119 pages, 530 black and white pictures, Société du Grand Armorial de France, 179 Boulevard Haussmann, París, 1952.


This book begins with the following sentence: «Heraldique - science et art - qui prit naissance en France vers la moitié du XIIe siècle, s'est propagée très rapidement dans les principaux pays européens».

The names of the authors and collaborators have been checked with [Académie internationale d'héraldique; 1999].


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Dictionary, French language, English language, German language, Castilian language, Italian language and Dutch language.

Authors:

The following articles cite this bibliographic reference:

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Académie internationale d'héraldique; 1999

Académie internationale d'héraldique, AIH, «Mémorial du Jubilé, 1949-1999», 201 páginas, 1999.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Report and French language.

The author is Académie internationale d'héraldique.

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

External resource:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Anonymous; 1800a

Anonymous, «Armerías de España», 124 double pages, title in the 9 page, provenance Duke of Osuna and Infantado, 1800.


The book has no index and its content, written by hand, is as follows:

Surnames Rondinos, Roxas, Rozas, Ruas, Ruanes, Rubios, Ruedas
  • Pages 1 through 8 are blank.
  • On page 9, title, letter A and surnames Abarca, Abendaño, Abeo, Ablitas and Abrego in large handwritten and the blazon in small handwritten (except for the end of the book on page 123, the unknown author seems to write more about surnames than about lineages).
  • On page 10, the surnames and their blazon both in small handwritten.
  • On page 23 the letter B and its surnames.
  • On page 30 begins the letter C, it is followed by the letter Z on page 42, 29 surnames with Z was written before the letter D and Cocas and Cuacas, with the letter C, are inserted inside the letter Z.
  • From page 46 with letter D to page 97 with the letter S, including in the S the surname Sánchez on page 99, as a lineage will be included at the end of the book.
  • On page 105 the letter T, surname Tabixas, Taboadas, Tafuxes, ...
  • On page 109 jump from the letter T to the letter V, with the surnames Vacas, Vadillos,... and skipping the letter U.
  • On page 119, it returns from letter V to U, in an unordered manner and without including the capital letter U.
  • On page 120, the letter X and the letter Y.
  • On page 122, the letter Z and only 3 additional surnames with Z.
  • On page 123 he returns to the surname Sánchez by testimony of Pedro de Soto owner of the books of Armory of Spain of Andreas Heredia, King of Arms, and finally the unknown author copies the text for the surname Sánchez, those who were «hijosdalgos, en Cangas de Gobadonga» of Asturias and ends with a poem of 8 verses.
  • Beginning on page 124 are blank.

Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

Classification: Manuscript, Armorial roll and Castilian language.

Author: unknown.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Becher, C.; Gamber, O.; 1986

Ingeram-Codex der ehem, Bibliothek Cotta, Volume 1

Charlotte Becher and Ortwin Gamber, «Die Wappenbücher Herzog Albrechts VI. von Österreich: Ingeram-Codex der ehem, Bibliothek Cotta, Volume 1», 178 pages, Editor Böhlau Verlag Wien, ISBN 3-205-05002-9 y 978-32-05050-02-5, Vienna, Cologne, Graz, 1986.


Dedicated exclusively to the study and analysis of the armorial [Ingeram, H.; 1459].


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Burke, B.; 2009

Sir Bernard Burke, C. B., LL. D., Ulster King of Arms, «The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales; Comprising a Registry of Armorial Bearings from the Earliest to the Present Time», Heritage Books, 496 pages, Berwyn Heights, Maryland, 2009.


In [Burke, B.; 1842] all editions of this book can be consulted.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Domínguez García, J.; 2008

Javier Domínguez García, «Memorias del futuro: ideología y ficción en el símbolo de Santiago Apóstol», edited by Iberoamericana y Vervuert, 144 pages, ISBN Iberoamericana 978-84-8489-373-8 e ISBN Vervuert 978-3-86527-397-0, Madrid and Frankfurt am Main, 2008.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 1995

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 1st, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 419 pages, 44 pictures, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 1995.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 1996

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 2nd, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 396 pages, 89 pictures, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 1996.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 1997

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 3rd, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 480 pages, 116 pictures, 2 maps, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 1997.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 1998

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 4th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 450 pages, 135 pictures, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 1998.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

Author: Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External resource:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 1999

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 5th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 484 pages, 124 pictures, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 1999.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External resource:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2000

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 6th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 419 pages, 124 pictures, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2000.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2001

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 7th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 496 pages, 199 pictures, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2001.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

Author: Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2002

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 8th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 454 pages, 58 pictures, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2002.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

Author: Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2003

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 9th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 483 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2003.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2004

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 10th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 563 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2004.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

Author: Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2005

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 11th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 463 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2005.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

Author: Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2006

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 12th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 415 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2006.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

Author: Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2007

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 13th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 535 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2007.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2008

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 14th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 579 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2008.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2009

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 15th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 579 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2009.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2010

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 16th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 507 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2010.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

Author: Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

Bibliographical reference mentioned in the following article:

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2011

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 17th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 469 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2011.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

Author: Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2012

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 18th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 517 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2012.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

Bibliographical reference mentioned in the following article:

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2013

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 19th, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 558 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2013.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2015

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volumes 20th and 21st, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 700 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2015.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Emblemata; 2016

Baron of Valdeolivos Emblematic Chair, of the Fernando el Católico Institution, of the Centre of Scientific Research (CSIC) y of the Excelentísima Diputación de Zaragoza, «Emblemata», Volume 22nd, Emblemata Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine (ERAE), 346 pages, ISSN 1137-1056, Legal deposit Z.3.937 1996, Printed by the Cooperativa de Artes Gráficas Librería General, Zaragoza, 2016.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Magazine and Castilian language.

The author is Cátedra de Emblemática Barón de Valdeolivos.

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

García-Mercadal y García-Loygorri, F.; 2010

Fernando García-Mercadal y García-Loygorri, «Penas, Distinciones y Recompensas: Nuevas Reflexiones en torno al Derecho Premial», [Emblemata; 2010; pages 205-235], Volume 16th, Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine, ERAE, Fernando El Católico Institution, ISSN 1137-1056, Zaragoza, 2010.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Article.

Author: García-Mercadal y García-Loygorri, Fernando.

External resource:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

García-Mercadal y García-Loygorri, F.; 2012

Fernando García-Mercadal y García-Loygorri, «La Regulación Jurídica de las Armerías: Apuntes de Derecho Heráldico Español», [Emblemata; 2012; pages 259-297], Volume 18th, Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine, ERAE, Fernando El Católico Institution, ISSN 1137-1056, Zaragoza, 2012.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Article.

The author is García-Mercadal y García-Loygorri, Fernando.

Bibliographical reference mentioned in the following article:

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

García-Mercadal y García-Loygorri, F.; 2015

Fernando García-Mercadal y García-Loygorri, «Catálogo emblemático del archivo-biblioteca del barón de Valdeolivos de Fonz», [Emblemata; 2015; pages 675-677], Volumes 20th and 21st, Aragonesa de Emblemática Magazine, ERAE, Fernando El Católico Institution, ISSN 1137-1056, Zaragoza, 2015.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Commentary.

The author is García-Mercadal y García-Loygorri, Fernando.

External resource:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Greaves, K.; 2014

Kevin Greaves, «A Guide to Blazonry», 32 pages, 90 color illustrations and 2 black and white illustrations, illustrated by Steve Cowan y Gordon Macpherson, published by The Royal Heraldry Society of Canada, Hamilton and Ottawa, Ontario, 2014.


Table of contents:

  • Chapter I: The Shield, Sequence of Blazoning; página 1.
  • Chapter II: The Complex Field; página 6.
  • Chapter III: Blazoning Charges on the Field; página 10.
  • Chapter IV: Counterchanging; página 15.
  • Chapter V: Multi-Family Shields; página 17.
  • Chapter VI: The Crest and its Associated Features; página 20.
  • Chapter VII: Supporters, Compartment and Motto; página 24.
  • Chapter VIII: Badges and Flags; página 27.

Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Guimera López, C.; 1987

Coriolano Guimera López, «El Conde de Mora y la Heráldica», Hidalguía Magazine, numbers 202 and 203, Ediciones Hidalguía, Madrid, 1987.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Husenbeth, F. C.; 1882

Frederick Charles Husenbeth, «Emblems of saints: by which they are distinguished in works of art», with 2 appendices «On the treatment of the Sibyls in art» by William Marsh and «On sacred heraldry» by Edward Lushington Blackburne, 3th edition edited by Augustus Jessopp, printed by A. H. Goose and Co. for the Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society, Norwich, 1882.


Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Martín Fuertes, J. A.; 2002

José Antonio Martín Fuertes, Universidad de León, «El Signum Regís en el Reino de León (1157-1230), Notas Sobre su Simbolismo (I)», Revista Argutorio, 4th year, number 9, pages 15 to 19, Cultural Magazine edited by the Monte Irago Cultural Association, Astorga, 2nd half of 2002.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Nisbet, A.; 1722

Alexander Nisbet, System of Heraldry, 1722, coat of arms

Alexander Nisbet, «System of Heraldry Speculative and Practical: With the True Art of Blazon», subtitle «according to the most approved heralds in Europe: illustrated with suitable examples of armoria figures, and achievements of the most considerable surnames and families in Scotland, together with historical and genealogical memorials relative thereto», printed by J. MackEuen, Edinburgh, 1722.


This is the very 1st edition of this book and I consult the edition [Nisbet, A.; 1816].


Bibliographical reference of century XVIII.

The author is Nisbet, Alexander.

The following articles cite this bibliographic reference:

External link:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Nisbet, A.; 1816

Alexander Nisbet, System of Heraldry, 1816, page 43

Alexander Nisbet, «System of Heraldry Speculative and Practical: With the True Art of Blazon», subtitle «according to the most approved heralds in Europe: illustrated with suitable examples of armoria figures, and achievements of the most considerable surnames and families in Scotland, together with historical and genealogical memorials relative thereto», printed by William Blackwood de Ediburgo and Rodwell and Martin of London, Edinburgh, 1816.


This is the edition I consult and the 1st edition of this book is [Nisbet, A.; 1722].

The illustration accompanying this bibliographic reference corresponds to page 43 of this edition of 1816.


Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Author: Nisbet, Alexander.

Here are the articles quoting this reference:

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Parker, J. H.; 1847

John Henry Parker, «A Glossary of Terms Used in British heraldry, with a chronological table illustrative of its rise and progress», 360 pages with pictures, printed by J. Shrimpton, Oxford, 1847.


Author

John Henry Parker (1806-1884), the author of this book among others, was an English archaeologist, publisher, writer on architecture, member of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (CB), and father of James Parker (1832 or 1833–1912), editor and author of [Parker, J.; 1894; A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry], a renewed edition of this book. Can be read about the relationship between these two books of father and son in [Stock, E.; 1895; The Antiquary, Volume XXXI].

In some places it is written that its author is Henry Gough, but I do not find within this book the author Henry Gough. The error is due to a later print of this book, see [Parker, J.; Gough, H.; 1966].

Parts of this book

  • Preface, signed the 30th of November of 1846, pages I and II.
  • Bibliography, with 21 bibliographic references in the page III, with 24 bibliographic references, including [Nisbet, A.; 1722] and 4 rolls of arms in the page IV, and with 4 bibliographic references in the page V.
  • The page VI is empty.
  • A chronological table illustrative of the rise and progress of armory, especially in England (see also shield, badge and crown) prom page VII to page XXIII.
  • A list of all the abbats and priors of England who are known to have been mitred or to have sat in parliament subsequent to the beginning of the reign of Edward III, 2 pages XXIX and XXX,
  • Glossary of terms used in british heraldry by alphabetical order, begining with «abased or abaissé» and ending with «zule», from page 1 to page 330.
  • Addenda and corrigenda, from page 331 to 339.
  • Alphabetical index, from page 341 to 360.

Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Classification: Dictionary and English language.

The author is Parker, James Henry.

The following articles cite this bibliographic reference:

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Parker, J.; 1894

James Parker, «A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry, a New Edition with one Thousand Illustrations», XXVIII and 660 pages with pictures, edited by James Parker and Co., Oxford and London (at the 1st page), printed by James Parker and Co., Crown Yard (at page 660), Oxford, October of 1894.


Previous book and review

John Henry Parker, the father of James Parker, was also the editor and author of a previous book [Parker, J. H.; 1847; A Glossary of Terms Used in British heraldry]. James Parker, in the introduction of his book, writes about the innovations, updates and improvements he contemplates, which make it more a new book than a new edition of his father's.

A review and critics of this book can be readed in [Stock, E.; 1895; The Antiquary, Volume XXXI].

In some places it is written the name of Henry Gough as author of this book and, also, his father book, but I do not find within these books the author Henry Gough. The error is due to a later print of this book, see [Parker, J.; Gough, H.; 1966].

Bookplate and scanning process

The 6th of September of 2007, a copy of this book from the library of Harvard University was digitized by Google. This copy of the Harvard University has a bookplate with

  • a first text «Harvard College Library»,
  • the seal of Hardvard University with its coat of arms, and
  • a second text «From the bequest of Mary Osgood of Medford, Massachusetts».

This scanning of Google has errors mainly in the very first 8 pages, and its images are not well viewed in all digital reproductors, but this scanning was used for some digital editors for make new digital versions of this book, for example, [Parker, J.; 2010].

The last scanned page contains the loan record of this library, with stamps from the year 1976 to 2000.

Frontispiece and Oxford arms

This book contains a frontispiece with the coat of arms of Richard Willoughby, Esq. (Esquire), son and heir, ob. s. p. (obiit sine prole, died without issue~offspring~children, at least, without legitimate ones) 1471. The explanation of the arms and quarters of Richard Willoughby are at the pages 396, 397, 398 and 399, under the term «marshalling» arms.

On the page next to the frontispiece, under the full title of this book, there is an oval version of the coat of arms of the University of Oxford from the Schools Tower erected A.D. 1619, its blazon is «Azure, an open Book Argent, leathered Sable and Gules, garnished Or, charged with the motto Dominus Illuminatio Mea; between three open crowns Or, two and one».

Bibliographical references and dates


Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Classification: Dictionary and English language.

Author: Parker, James.

Bibliographic reference mentioned in the following articles:

External resources:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Parker, J.; 1970

James Parker, «A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry, a New Edition with one Thousand Illustrations», XXVIII and 660 pages with pictures, reprinted by F and W Media International Limited, formerly known as David and Charles Publishers, Exeter, Devon, 1970.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Dictionary and English language.

The author is Parker, James.

The following articles cite this bibliographic reference:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Parker, J.; 1971

James Parker, «A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry, a New Edition with one Thousand Illustrations», XXVIII and 660 pages with pictures, reprinted by Charles E. Tuttle Co., Rutland, Vermont, 1971.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Dictionary and English language.

The author is Parker, James.

Here are the articles quoting this reference:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Parker, J.; 2010

James Parker, «A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry, a New Edition with one Thousand Illustrations», XXVIII and 660 pages with pictures, 714 scaned pages, digital book by Nabu Press, Charleston, South Carolina, 2010.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Dictionary and English language.

Author: Parker, James.

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Parker, J.; Gough, H.; 1966

James Parker, Henry Gough, «A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry, a New Edition with one Thousand Illustrations», XXVIII and 660 pages with pictures, reprinted by Gale Research Company, Detroit, 1966.


Reprints

This book is a reprint of [Parker, J.; 1894], it maintains the number of pages, I do not know what Henry Gough contributed as an author, in some places Henry Gough is the first author, in others he is named as the sole author, I write his name as 2nd author.

There are, at least, 2 addional paper reprints: [Parker, J.; 1970; David and Charles Publishers] and [Parker, J.; 1971; Charles E. Tuttle Co], and many digital versions.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Classification: Dictionary and English language.

Authors: Parker, James and Gough, Henry.

The following articles cite this bibliographic reference:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Pastoureau, M.; 1997

Michel Pastoureau and Francisca Garvie, «Heraldry: Its Origins and Meaning», New Horizons collection, edited by Thames and Hudson, London, 1997.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Portolés, J.; Molino, M. del; 1590

Scholiorum Sive Adnotationum ad Repertorium Michaelis Molini
        Super Foris et Observantiis Regni Arago

Jerónimo Portolés y Miguel del Molino, Ad Illustrisimos D. D. pradicti Regni Dipputatos, «Scholiorum Sive Adnotationum ad Repertorium Michaelis Molini Super Foris et Observantiis Regni Arago», Tertia pars, Cum Licentia Superiorum, Casaraugustae, per Laurentium de Robles, Regni Aragonum, et Universitatis Typographum, Zaragoza, 1590.


Foral law, history and charters of the Kingdom of Aragon.


Bibliographical reference of century XVI.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Rabbow, A.; 1999

European origin three lions ~ Origen europeo tres leones

Arnold Rabbow, «The Origin of the Royal Arms of England - a European Connection», Coat of Arms, COA, An Heraldic Quarterly Magazine, número 186, The Heraldry Society, Baldock, Hertfordshire, verano de 1999.


This bibliographical reference is illustrated wit the coat of arms of the Kingdom of England interpreted by me with the with a semi-circle shape.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Rowling, J. K.; 1997

J. K. Rowling, «Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone», London Bloomsbury, London, 1997.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Rylands, J. P.; 1882

Walkington, registered in The Visitation of Cheshire in the Year 1580

John Paul Rylands, «The Visitation of Cheshire in the Year 1580, Made by Robert Glover, Somerset Herald, for William Flower, Norroy King of Arms, with Numerous Additions and Continuations, Including those from The Visitation of Cheshire in the Year 1566, by the same Herald, with an Appendix Containing The Visitation of a Part of Cheshire in the Year 1533, William Fellows, Lancaster Herald, for Thomas Benolte, Clarenceux King Of Arms, And a Fragment of The Visitation of the City of Chester in the Year 1591, Made by Thomas Chaloner, Deputy to the Office Of Arms», edited by John Paul Rylands, F. S. A., published by The Harleian Society, London, 1882.


[Goldstraw, M. S. J.; 2013a] es una recreación a color de los escudos registrados en este libro.

El escudo que ilustra esta referencia bibliográfica es uno de los que se registran en este libro y corresponde al escudo de Tatton de Wythenshawe, con la diferencia que aquí no se ha incluido su timbre.


Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Salmerón Cabañas, A.; 2015a

Coat of arms and heraldic creation, April 2014 - March 2015

Antonio Salmerón Cabañas, «Escudos de armas y creación heráldica entre abril de 2014 y marzo de 2015», Drawings registered in the Registry of Intellectual Property of Madrid, with 126 illustrations, 16 black and white and 110 color, of coats of arms and other heraldic objects, including my «pseudonym without anonymity» «a Unicorn Argent, salient. Motto: ASC Sable», 30 pages, with registration number 16/2015/2546 and application number M-001674-2015, Madrid, March 9, 2015.


Bibliographic reference mentioned in the following articles:

Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

IntelectualP 25 Registro Propiedad Intelectual jpg
Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Salmerón Cabañas, A.; 2016a

Coat of arms and heraldic creation, April 2015 - December 2016

Antonio Salmerón Cabañas, «Escudos de armas y creación heráldica entre abril de 2015 y diciembre de 2016», Drawings registered in the Intellectual Property Registry of Madrid, with 299 illustrations, 4 black and white and 295 colour, of coats of arms and other heraldic objects, 88 pages, application number M-008058/2016, Madrid, 15th of december of 2016.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

IntelectualP 26 Registro Propiedad Intelectual jpg
Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Sanz Lacorte, J.; 2007

Jesús Sanz Lacorte, «Glosario Heráldico», on-line publication, in the domine armoria.info registered on july of 2004, about 2,650 terms, more than 2,350 illustrations, 288 pages, estimated size, designed by Bcdreams.com, Barcelona, 28th of may of 2007.


Release date

The release date is taken from Archive.org, checking when this «Heraldic Glossary» appeared for the first time in the record log series.

Illustrations

It contains more than 2,350 illustrations, in color and in black and white, outlined drawings, color shields and photographs. Some of the shields outlined in black and white belong to [Académie internationale d'héraldique; 1952], for example the pictures numbers:

  • 86, pointed at each end;
  • 90, voided;
  • 272, lion sejant;
  • 291, combatant;
  • 292, addorsed or back-to-back;
  • 297, eagle crowned;
  • 304, a qualifier for eagle not translated into English, in French «aigle entravaillé»;
  • 305, osprey a diurnal fish-eating eagle,
  • 311, two wings addorsed,
  • 341, trunk,
  • 360, edged,
  • 373, hazel nuts,
  • 378, raguly or ragged,
  • 395, hemp-bray,
  • 410, hunting horn or bugle horn,
  • 434, caltrap,
  • 464, between,
  • 466, a qualifier for water and sea not translated into English, in French «afitée»,
  • 475, aquilon,
  • 494, diapered,
  • 504, port and windows Azure, or Gules, or Sinople, or Sable, or Purple, or Or, or Argent;
  • ...

Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Classification: Dictionary and Castilian language.

Author: Sanz Lacorte, Jesús.

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Sevilla Gómez, A.; 2000

Antonio Sevilla Gómez, «Las paremias heroicas: la divisa, el lema y el mote», Paremia Magazine, number 9, pages 75 to 80, Madrid, 2000.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

St. George's Roll; 1285

Gules, three Buckles Argent, Tomás Roscelyn

St. George's Roll, in English usually written as «MS Vincent, 164 ff.1-21b», also called [Vincent, MS; 1285], it is in the College of Arms, London, containing 677 painted coats of arms, it is an English roll or arms dating from c. 1285.


The bibliographical reference that I mainly use for this armorial is [Vincent, MS; 1285].


Bibliographical reference of century XIII.

Classification: Armorial roll and Manuscript.

The author is unknown.

Here are the articles quoting this reference:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Stock, E.; 1895

Elliot Stock, «The Antiquary, A Magazine Devoted to the Study of the Past», Volume XXXI, Published by Elliot Stock, London, 1895.

Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry

«The late Mr. John Henry Parker's name is so closely associated with quite a small library of admirable manuals on architecture, and with a number of other works on archaeology, all of which are well known, that it will be something of a surprise to many persons to learn that about fifty years ago», 1895 - 1847 = 48 years, «he published» [Parker, J. H.; 1847; Glossary of Terms used in British Heraldry].

«The book, too, has been out of print so long that it has become almost forgotten».

Glossary of Terms used in Heraldry, a new book

«The new edition now published by his son, Mr. James Parker», [Parker, J.; 1894; Glossary of Terms used in Heraldry], «is practically, as he himself tells us, a new book, and the elaboration and care which have been bestowed upon it are as characteristic of this as they are of the other archaeological works, for which both father and son have been so honourably distinguished for more than half a century».

Illustrations

«Another well-known characteristic of the Messrs. Parker's books is the copious manner in which they are illustrated».

«The present volume fully maintains that reputation, and the neat little woodcuts, which occur in great profusion on nearly every other page, are often a great help in explaining in a practical manner the significance of a heraldic term».

«To anyone who is beginning the study of heraldry this will render the book of great value and usefulness; while others who know more or less of the science will not be disposed to regret the lavish manner in which explanatory illustrations are provided».

Critic, Chichester and Prester John

«So far as it is possible to judge there are very few, if any, inaccuracies in the book, although we are bound to express surprise in finding in such a work as this, the old fiction repeated, that the figure of our Saviour, in relation to the dedication of the cathedral to the Holy Trinity, on the arms of the See of Chichester is that of the mysterious being known as Prester John».

«We thought this absurd theory had been fully exploded long ago, and to find it perpetuated in a work like this is a little startling, to say the least».

The 3 main references in James Parker's book to Prester John the See of Chichester are the following:

  • About the Presbyter John, usually called Prester John: «this singular figure is represented as seated on a stone (described as a tombstone), and forms the insignia of the See of Chichester, the only instance in which the bearing occurs», [Parker, J.; 1894; page 476]. «The origin of the figure is obscure». «In 1180 the seal represented the Figure of Christ seated on a Tomb, with perhaps a symbolical reference to» the Book of Revelation i. 16, and v. 1, also called the Apocalypse of John the Apostle. «Early in the next century the mythical story of Prester John, a supposed King of central Asia, was current, a certain Franciscan monk, by name Carpini, who went out as a Missionary in 1206, having brought home or invented the story, and this being very popular was afterwards, perhaps, applied to the device».
  • About the blazon of the Bishopric of Chichester, he writes «Bishoprick»: «Azure, a Presbyter John hooded sitting on a tombstone, in his sinister hand a book open, his dexter hand extended with the two forefingers erect, all or; in his mouth a sword fessways gules, hilt and pommel or, the point to the sinister», [Parker, J.; 1894; at the end of the page 476].
  • About «tombstone» as an heraldic term, [Parker, J.; 1894; page 576] writes: «the seat of Prester John (q.v.)» ~ quod vide ~ which see «in the insignia of the See of Chichester, and of Saint Mary in those of the See of Lincoln», see also the term nimbus or «Cicle of Glory» at [Parker, J.; 1894; page 424], «is so called, though in neither case is it at all probable that the bearing is intended for such».

«It would be an interesting fact to ascertain exactly when and by whom», Elliot Stock asks himself, «the very wild idea of Prester John on the Chichester shield was first started».

Nowadays, the Diocese of Chichester, in its on-line explanation about its coat of arms, writes «The most common misconception, which was still being repeated in 1894», the Diocese does not cite directly James Parker's book, but cites its publishing year 1894, «was that the arms show Presbyter John sitting on a tombstone». «A letter circulated in Europe in about 1165 referred to the annual visit of Prester John and his army, complete with chariots and elephants, to the tomb of the prophet Daniel in Babylonia Deserta». «It was the imagery of this letter», about the Prester John and the tomb, «that seems to have become attached to» the coat of arms of the Diocese of Chichester with its human figure, nimbed, sitting in a tomb or an altar.

Conclusions

«As showing the thoroughness with which Mr. James Parker has done his work, we may mention that»:

  • «no less than 32 pages are taken up in describing the different heraldic forms and uses of the cross», [Parker, J.; 1894; from the page 149 to the beginning of the page 179] and with an internal index, dedicated exclusively to the cross, on [Parker, J.; 1894; pages 179 and 180].
  • «and 8 with the various forms of the crown», [Parker, J.; 1894; from the page 181 to the page 188].

«In every instance the subject dealt with is thoroughly worked out».

«Indeed, thoroughness may be said to be one of the special characteristics of this useful and welcome volume».

Elliot Stock, the reviewer

He was an English publisher and bibliophile, he born in 1838 and died in 1911. The publishing company that bore his name was in business from 1859 to 1939. The Antiquary magazine was published by his publishing company from December 1879 to 1915.


Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Classification: Magazine and English language.

The author is Stock, Elliot.

Here are the articles quoting this reference:

External links:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Sánchez Albornoz, C.; 1965

Claudio Sánchez Albornoz, «La auténtica batalla de Clavijo», Cuadernos de Historia de España, number 9, Buenos Aires, 1948.


Bibliographical reference of century XX.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

The Heraldry Society; 2013

The Heraldry Society, Education Pack, A brief explanation of Heraldry

The Heraldry Society, «Education Pack, A brief explanation of Heraldry for teachers together with explanatory sheets and templates for students», Baldock, Hertfordshire, 2013.


This bibliographical reference is illustrated with the quartered coat of arms of The Heraldry Society.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Valero de Bernabé, L.; 2009b

Luis Valero de Bernabé y Martín de Eugenio, «Los Castillos en la Heráldica», Magazine of the Real Asociación de Hidalgos de España, «La Gacetilla de Hidalgos de España», number 524, pages 32, 33 and 34. Madrid, October, November and December 2009.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Valero de Bernabé, L.; 2010

Luis Valero de Bernabé y Martín de Eugenio, «El Lobo, singularidad de la heráldica hispana», Magazine of the Real Asociación de Hidalgos de España, «La Gacetilla de Hidalgos de España», number 524, pages 20, 21 and 22. Madrid, 2010.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Valero de Bernabé, L.; 2012b

Luis Valero de Bernabé y Martín de Eugenio, «Las Figuras Humanas en la Heráldica», Magazine of the Real Asociación de Hidalgos de España, «La Gacetilla de Hidalgos de España», number 530, pages 24, 25, 26 y 27. Madrid, Spring 2012.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Vincent, MS; 1285

Edmundo of Bassingbourne, Gironny, Or and Azure, MS Vincent 1285

Vicent Manuscript, in English usually written as «MS Vincent, 164 ff.1-21b», also called [St. George's Roll; 1285], it is in the College of Arms, London, containing 677 painted coats of arms, it is an English roll or arms dating from c. 1285.


Bibliographical reference of century XIII.

Classification: Armorial roll and Manuscript.

Author: anonymous.

Bibliographic reference mentioned in the following articles:

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Vivar del Riego, J. A.; 2007

José Antonio Vivar del Riego, «El Blasón Escrito: La Historia de los Libros de Heráldica», lecture, 31st of May of 2007.


Bibliographical reference of century XXI.

Separador heráldico
Escudo de Castilla y León Libro abierto, hojas de plata, filo de oro, guardas de gules, tapas de sable.

Wade, W. C.; 1898

William Cecil Wade, «The symbolisms of heraldry or A treatise on the meanings and derivations of armorial bearings», 186 pages, 95 black and white pictures, Robert Holmes Collection, published by George Redway, London, 1898.


Although Romanticism sought the symbolism of the heraldic elements, I believe that the meaning of the elements of the coat of arms, if they have it, is provided by its creator or first bearer. In any case, the content of this symbolic book is the following:

William Cecil Wade, 1898, cover and pages 78-79 y 61
  • The origin of armorial bearings; page 11.
  • The symbolic side of heraldry; page 13.
  • Heraldic colours and metals; page 35.
  • The furs of heraldry; page 38.
  • The meaning of heraldic lines; page 40.
  • The symbolisms of the ordinaries; page 43.
  • The division lines of the shield; page 55.
  • The colours of the common charges not symbolical, chapter with 2 paragraphs only; page 57.
  • Symbolisms of the common charges; page 59.
  • Crowns, mitres, episcopal hats, etc.; page 138.
  • Examples of symbolisms of colours and armorial bearings; page 149.
  • Cadency and differencing; page 154.
  • Alphabetic index; page 162.

Bibliographical reference of century XIX.

Classification: Symbolism and English language.

Author: Wade, William Cecil.

The following article cites this bibliographic reference:

External resource:

 

Dr. Antonio Salmerón y Cabañas,
,
Paseo de la Castellana 135, planta 7a,
28046 Madrid, España.